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Case Studies
 
Difficult Times for the Federal Republic of Pororoland
 
After a long war, Pororoland got divided into a western and eastern part. The western part is called the Federal Republic of Pororoland and is a democratic state. The eastern part, the Free Democratic State of Pororo is governed by a dictator, who is called the Dark Lord. There are rumors that the Dark Lord plans to build a nuclear bomb.
 
After an earthquake, many people in the Free Democratic State of Pororo are starving and many human rights violations by the government have been reported. The UN Security Council has passed several resolutions, calling upon the Free Democratic State of Pororo to end the violations of human rights and to allow access for the humanitarian organizations to the starving civilian population.
 
Short time before the earthquake, terrorists have kidnapped a civilian plane from the Federal Republic of Pororoland called Rupy Airlines and forced the plane to land on the island Lost which belongs to Hurleyland.  
 
It was not the first time that citizens of the Federal Republic of Pororoland became victims of terrorism. Last year, terrorists from Free Democratic State of Pororo tried to assassinate the former President of the Federal Republic of Pororoland, Edi Senior.
 
His son, President Edi Junior of the Federal Republic of Pororoland is concerned about the current situation.
 
He is asking you as the legal advisor of his government, whether he can attack the Free Democratic State of Pororo
 
a)     Because there are rumors that the Dark Lord wants to build a nuclear bomb.
b)    Because of the assassination attempt one year ago.
c)     Because of the humanitarian situation in the Free Democratic State of Pororo.
d)    Because he wants to establish a democratic state.
e)     Because he wants to kill the Dark Lord.
f)      Because the Security Council has determined on a number of occasions, that the Free Democratic State of Pororo is a threat to the peace.
g)     Because there is not enough space for the growing population of his country.
 
He also wants know whether he can send his Special Forces to Hurleyland to rescue the passengers.  

 

Case Study Human Rights
 
Kibongi is sad. He is afraid to fail the UN recruitment exam for Koreans, because he does not know much about human rights and international criminal law. While drinking too much soju in his favorite pub in Mokpo, he is meeting his girl-friend Sam-Soon, who just came back from the United Nations Peace and Security course in Seoul.
 
He tells her that he has many questions:
What are human rights?
How does the United Nations protect human rights? What are the strengths and weaknesses’ of the UN’s system to protect human rights?
What should he know about international criminal law? How does the International Criminal Court work?
He knows “Every human being has the inherent right to life.” but why do states make use of the death penalty?
If every human being has a right to life, but why do so many people die in wars? Are there no rules which prohibit killings in war? Does war have no limits?
 
What will Kibongi’s girl-friend answer?

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